The annual observance of the International Day of Disabled Persons was proclaimed in 1992 by United Nations General Assembly resolution 47/3.
It aims to promote the rights and well-being of persons with disabilities in all spheres of society and development, and to increase awareness of the situation of persons with disabilities in every aspect of political, social, economic and cultural life.
Building on many decades of UN’s work in the field of disability, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, adopted in 2006, has further advanced the rights and well-being of persons with disabilities in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and other international development frameworks, such as the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, the Charter on Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities in Humanitarian Action, the New Urban Agenda, and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda on Financing for Development.
2019 Theme: Promoting the participation of persons with disabilities and their leadership: taking action on the 2030 Development Agenda
This year, the International Day of Persons with Disabilities (IDPD) focuses on the empowerment of persons with disabilities for inclusive, equitable and sustainable development as anticipated in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which pledges to ‘leave no one behind’ and recognizes disability as a cross-cutting issues, to be considered in the implementation of its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Disability is referenced in various parts of the SDGs and specifically in parts related to education, growth and employment, inequality, accessibility of human settlements, as well as data collection and monitoring of the SDGs.
The United Nations Disability Inclusion Strategy
On 11 June 2019, Secretary-General António Guterres launched the United Nations Disability Inclusion Strategy in line with his commitment to make the United Nations an inclusive organization for all.
The United Nations Disability Inclusion Strategy provides the foundation for sustainable and transformative progress on disability inclusion through all pillars of the work of the United Nations. Through the Strategy, the United Nations system reaffirms that the full and complete realization of the human rights of all persons with disabilities is an inalienable, integral and indivisible part of all human rights and fundamental freedoms.
UN Secretary-General's Message on the International Day of People with Disabilities
Statistics on Disability in the Republic of Belarus
- There are 570 thousand disabled people (about six per cent of the population) including 33 thousand adolescents in Belarus; Among them, almost 90 thousand people belong to the disability group I, 260 thousand people - to disability group II, and over 188 thousand people are in disability group III;
- About 11 thousand people or almost 2 per cent of all the disabled stay in the state-run residential facilities;
- Child care allowance for families with disabled children under age 3 amounts to 484 roubles, i.e. 45 per cent of the average salary in the country. Supplementary child care allowance for parents with disabled children amounts to 232 roubles (100 per cent of the minimum-wage budget);
- In case there are other children over age 3 in such a family, allowance of 116 roubles would be provided for each child (50 per cent of the minimum-wage budget). Residential care facilities provide a social respite service for up to 28 days;
- About 43 per cent of residential buildings are equipped with elements of barrier-free design. The elements of barrier-free built environment are present in a little more than 60 per cent of public amenities;
- Supplementary care allowance for retirement pension is assessed at 100 per cent of the minimal old age pension for people in disability group I, and at 50 per cent of the minimal old age pension for the lonely people of disability group II, who require constant assistance (58 and 29 roubles respectively).
- Disabled people aged 75 and over receive pension supplement. The supplement amount is 75 per cent of the minimum old age pension (43 roubles) and for those, who have turned 80, supplement increases to 100 per cent (58 roubles);
- In November, the amount of disability retirement pension paid to people with disabilities resulting from common diseases averaged out at 373 roubles; social pension for people disabled since childhood was 222 roubles, and for disabled children - 229 roubles;
- People belonging to disability groups I and II are entitled to 90 per cent discount on medication prescribed by the physicians and to technical rehabilitation aids from the State registry (list) of technical rehabilitation aids. People of disability group III can take advantage of 50 per cent discount on treatment of the diseases that caused disability. People belonging to disability groups I and II access public passenger transport without paying a fare and if they live alone they can also have 50 per cent discount on maintenance services and utility costs;
- 110 thousand people with disabilities have been given the conclusions by the medical rehabilitation expert board and have the right to work (a bit over a half of all the disabled of working age). 60 per cent of them work. At 95 enterprises established by nongovernmental associations of the disabled about 4500 people are employed;
- Over the past five years, the employment service helped almost 1400 unemployed persons with disabilities complete the training in 57 specialities. Elevator operators, warehouse keepers, PC operators, salespersons, head cashiers turned to be the most popular professions;
- 4500 people with disabilities address the employment service yearly. In 2019, almost 2000 persons obtained regular jobs, about 200 were provided professional training; 25 persons obtained jobs created for the disabled out of budget resources of the Social Security Fund, and over 30 received support for their own businesses creation. About 40 per cent of the disabled who address the employment service find jobs:
- Out of 65 thousand people with disabilities only 4500 work in specialized organizations. Others work in ordinary work establishments. In 2019, in-home care services were provided to 25 thousand people of disability groups I and II, and 1800 people received nursing services.
Source: Belarus Today