Only 27 percent of all countries in the world have advanced hydro-meteorological technologies and can provide high-quality and accurate weather forecasts. How to help them take advantage of technical progress - this and other issues will be discussed by the participants of the World Meteorological Congress, which will be held from 3 to 14 June in Geneva.
“In the era of advanced satellite technology and artificial intelligence, there are countries where there are still no basic rain gauges,” said WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas on the eve of the opening of Congress.
The WMO Congress is held every four years. The agenda includes the improvement of weather and climate services in an era of climate change; hydrological services and water management; research on Earth systems. A special session on ocean issues will be held. The World Exhibition of Meteorological Technologies will be held on the margins of the congress.
“The demand for expertise and professionalism of WMO and national meteorological and hydrological services is higher than ever. The socio-economic consequences of natural disasters related to weather, climate and water are aggravated by environmental degradation, urbanization and, above all, climate change, ”said WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas.
WMO ensures that all countries have access to high-quality weather forecasts from specialized centers. WMO coordinates the work of thousands of experts from meteorological and hydrological services, research institutions and academia. The organization serves as an international liaison for the daily collection of millions of observations using satellites, terrestrial and upper-air stations, ocean buoys, and ships and aircraft. This data is used to prepare daily weather, air quality and sea conditions.
WMO experts agree that today forecast accuracy has increased, but there are significant geographic gaps in the global basic observing system. Many developing countries, especially in Africa and parts of South America and Asia, do not have the necessary capacity in this area.
Congress is expected to approve a new WMO strategic plan for the period up to 2030. Its main task is to increase the readiness of states for extreme hydrometeorological phenomena.