Diseases caused by bacteria, resistant to antibiotics will kill about 10 million people annually by 2050, and the economic damage from them can be compared in scale with the consequences of the global crisis of 2008–2009 - if the international community does not take the necessary measures. This is stated in the new report of the Interdepartmental Coordination Group on Combating Antimicrobial Resistance.
More and more diseases, including respiratory infections and infections of the genitourinary system, are not amenable to treatment, the authors of the report emphasize this fact. They report that today 700 thousand people die from drug-resistant diseases every year, 230 thousand of them from multidrug-resistant tuberculosis.
“Antimicrobial resistance is one of the main threats to the global community. This report talks about the scale of the measures that need to be taken in order to stop the spread of this phenomenon, ”said Amina Mohammed, Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, co-chair of the coordination group.
The report's authors recall that human health is inextricably linked with animal health, the state of the environment and the quality of food, and propose a multi-pronged approach in the fight against antibiotic resistance.
Experts, in particular, call for a responsible approach to the appointment of antimicrobial drugs for the treatment of people and animals, as well as to abandon their use as growth promoters in agriculture.
“The report recognizes the critical role of antimicrobials in food production, as well as in protecting human and animal health, but experts also support the responsible use of [such products] in all sectors,” said José Grazionu da Silva, chapter Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
An inter-ministerial coordination group to combat antimicrobial resistance was established in 2017 with the support of the UN Secretariat. It includes representatives of FAO, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Organization for Animal Health.