Science and gender equality are integral elements in the process of achieving the development goals, including those set out in the 2030 agenda for sustainable development. Over the past 15 years, the world community has made significant strides in engaging women and girls in science. Every year since 2016, according to the UN decision, the International Day of Women and Girls in science is celebrated on February 11.
The percentage of female researchers in the world ranges from 15.3% in Japan to 54.8% in Azerbaijan.
According to the Institute of sociology of NSA, in Belarus this figure is 39.7% (including 40.6% of candidates of Sciences, 18% of doctors of Sciences). Women researchers of the NSA in Belarus make up 47.6% of the total number of researchers. The share of women among candidates of science is 42.8%. There is a high proportion of women among undergraduates (46.7%) and postgraduates (55%). Among doctoral students and doctors, women make up 29.6% and 18% of the total. Women are represented among senior personnel of the NSA: they hold positions of the heads of scientific organizations (4.3 per cent), deputy heads for scientific work (23,2%), deputy heads for research and innovation (19.4 per cent). Most women are represented in the administrative post of academic Secretary - 63.2%. (More here)
On the occasion of the International Day of Girls and Women in science, the UN Secretary-General delivered a message:
"Skills in science, technology, engineering and math drive innovation and are critical to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.
Women and girls are vital in all these areas. Yet they remain woefully under-represented.
Gender stereotypes, a lack of visible role models and unsupportive or even hostile policies and environments can keep them from pursuing these careers.
The world cannot afford to miss out on the contributions of half our population.
We need concerted efforts to overcome these obstacles.
We must tackle misconceptions about girls’ abilities.
We must promote access to learning opportunities for women and girls, particularly in rural areas.
And we must do more to change workplace culture so that girls who dream of being scientists, engineers and mathematicians can enjoy fulfilling careers in these fields.
Let us ensure that every girl, everywhere, has the opportunity to realize her dreams, grow into her power and contribute to a sustainable future for all."