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UN in Belarus > About Belarus > State system
The Republic of Belarus is a unitary democratic social state with the rule of law, which possesses supremacy and full authority on its territory and independently carries out its domestic and foreign policy. The territory of Belarus is unified and inalienable.
The symbols of the Republic of Belarus, as a sovereign State, are its State Flag, State Emblem and State Anthem. The capital of Belarus is the city of Minsk.
State languages of the Republic of Belarus are Belarusian and Russian.
State power in the Republic of Belarus is exercised on the basis of its division into legislative, executive and judicial branches.
The President of the Republic of Belarus is the Head of State. The President is elected by general, free, equal, direct and secret ballot. Presidential elections are regulated by the laws of the Republic of Belarus.
The Parliament , i.e. the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus, is the representative and legislative body of power. The Parliament consists of two Chambers — the Chamber of Representatives and the Council of the Republic.
The Government , i.e. the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus, is the central body of state management, the executive power in the Republic of Belarus. In its activities, the Government is subordinated to the President and reports to the Parliament.
The judicial power in the Republic of Belarus belongs to courts and is exercised by general, economic and other courts envisaged by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus. The control over correspondence of standard laws in the State to the Constitution is performed by the Constitutional Court. The Constitutional Court gives evaluation on correspondence of standard laws to the Constitution upon the request of the President, the National Assembly, the Supreme Court, the Supreme Economic Court and the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus.
The Constitution of the Republic of Belarus establishes the principle of the supremacy of law. The State and all of its bodies and officials act within the limits of the Constitution and the laws adopted in accordance with it. Provision of personal rights and freedoms of the citizens of the Republic of Belarus is the ultimate goal of the State.
The Constitution of the Republic of Belarus establishes the responsibility of the State before its citizens for the creation of conditions for the free and adequate development of the individual, and the responsibility of citizens before the State for the strict fulfillment of the responsibilities laid upon them by the Constitution.
Aliens and stateless persons exercise their rights and freedoms on the territory of the Republic of Belarus and discharge their duties equally with the citizens of the Republic, unless otherwise established by the Constitution, laws and international agreements.
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