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  UN in Belarus > About Belarus > Economy


The industrial complex is the backbone of the production potential of Belarus. Due to attractive geographical location and highly-developed scientific and technical potential, Belarus, being part of the former USSR, was the so-called "assembly plant" of the Soviet Union and specialized in science-intensive production. This has mainly predetermined the current structure of industry, which is oriented at the production of ready-made items and is based on imports of raw material, fuel and energy resources.


The leading sectors of Belarusian industry are:

  • machine building and metalworking:
    - automobile industry
    - trucks and lorries building
    instruments making and electrical engineering industry
    - radio engineering industry
    - tractors and agricultural machines building
  • machine-tool building
  • chemical and petrochemical industry
  • wood and wood processing industry
  • optico-mechanical industry
  • light and food industry

About 100 major plants form the core of Belarusian industry.


Among them are the Minsk Tractor Plant, the Minsk Automobile Plant, the "Atlant" freezer and refrigerator plant, the "Horizont" TV-set plant, Oil-refineries in Novopolotsk and Mozyr, "Belaruskaliy" - the biggest producer of potassium fertilizers in the world.


Agro-industrial complex of Belarus is specializing in animal farming (milk and meat products), growing of flax, potato, grain and vegetable crops, sugar beet, rapes and fodder crops.
The agro-industrial complex is oriented at the creation of multi-structural agriculture, combining different types of property and management: collective state-owned farms with individual private farming.


Foreign trade and economic relations. Main trade partners of Belarus are Russia (over 50% of foreign trade volume), Ukraine, Poland, Germany, Lithuania and others. Due to objective historical and economic preconditions, Belarus maintains the most developed economic ties with the countries of the CIS, especially Russia. At the same time, considerable attention is being paid to the improvement of competitiveness of Belarusian goods and their expansion on the Western markets.

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